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Sporting breeds: Golden Retriever

Origin
Golden photo     The Retrievers came into prominence in the early 1800s in England and Scotland. He was a medium-sized dog that would do well in wild fowling, and both waterfowl and upland game was wanted at that time, because of plentiful game. Gamekeepers on the estate of Lord Tweedmouth at Inverness-Shire developed the Golden Retriever between 1835 and 1890 in Scotland. It is well documented that the breed was created from Tweed Water Spaniels and small Newfoundland crosses, along with Irish Setters and other water spaniels. The Yellow or Golden Retrievers gained popularity in England toward the end of the 19th century. The first field trial win by a Golden took place in 1904. They were first shown in England in 1908. The Golden Retriever Club (of England) was formed in 1913.
    It is known that Goldens were in the United States and Canada during the 1890s. The AKC registered the first Golden in 1925. They had been registered previously, but only as a Retriever, without the designation of color. The Golden Retriever Club of America was formed in 1938.

General description

  • Height: 21-24 inches
  • Weight: 55-75 pounds
  • Color: The color should be a rich, lustrous gold of various shades. Extremely light or dark coats are not preferred. There should be no white or black in the coat.

    Grooming requirements
        The Golden Retriever needs to be brushed weekly with a slicker brush and a metal comb. The comb should be used after the slicker brush to ensure there is no areas of dead coat left. When using the comb, be sure to comb all the way to the skin; this will remove any and all dead coat, making the coat fluffy and soft while being mat-free. The major problem areas with Goldens are the bib and neck, the ear area, and the hind quarters. Since most Goldens are more than happy to lie on their back endlessly while you brush them, this area is usually the easiest to brush besides the back. Regular ear cleaning and nail trimming must be done.

    Health considerations
        The Golden Retriever is one of many breeds that can have autoimmune problems. He has a tendency to many kinds of eye and skin problems. He can have elbow and hip dysplasia and OCD arthritis). A breed-peculiar problem is Subaortic Stenosis. A tightening of the outflow opening for blood to go from the heart into the aorta. Because of the extreme popularity of this breed, it is paramount that a pup be purchased from a reputable breeder with healthy, tested stock.

    Breed characteristics and personality
        The Golden can live equally well in the kennel or home. He is a good protection dog and a moderate watchdog. He needs a fenced yard and daily exercise.
    The Golden is active, sweet, well mannered and loveable. He's friendly, reliable and trustworthy. The Golden is an excellent choice for a family dog. Sweet of temper and gentle towards children, the Golden excels as a companion.

    Uses
        The Golden is a solid and vigorous hunting companion with a fine nose. He's good on upland game and waterfowl. His excellent nose has made him useful as a narcotics detection dog. He's also used as a guide dog for the blind. The Golden is a strong competitor in Field and Obedience trialing. The first three dogs of any breed to achieve the AKC Obedience Champion title, first available in 1977, were Goldens.

    Web links

  • AKC Golden Retriever page
  • The Golden Retriever Club of America


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